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What is Republic Act 8552?

Republic Act 8552- this act shall be known as the Domestic Adoption Act of 1998.

What is Republic Act 9523?

Republic Act 9523 – An act requiring the Certification of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to declare a “Child Legally Available for Adoption” as a pre-requisite for adoption proceedings, amending for this purpose certain provision of Republic Act 8552, otherwise known as the Domestic Adoption Act of 1998, Republic Act No. 8043, otherwise known as the Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995, Presidential Decree No. 603, otherwise known as the Child and Youth Welfare Code, and for other purposes.

What is Republic Act 10165?

Republic Act 10165 – An act to strengthen and propagate foster care for abused, abandoned, neglected and other children with special needs, providing appropriations therefor and for other purpose.

What is adoption?

Regular or Agency Adoption – a type of adoption bringing together the prospective adoptive parent/s and a child declared as legally available for adoption through a judicious pairing or matching process.

Relative adoption is a type of adoption where the biological parent/s make a direct placement of the child to a relative or a family member within the 4th degree of consanguinity.

Applications for direct placement of children are also being received by the Department.

Direct Placement is when the biological parent/s make a direct placement of the child either to a relative beyond the 4th degree of consanguinity or to a non-relative. The law requires the legalization of adoption of children who were placed directly to an individual or a family considering the best interest of the child.

What is Foster Care?

Foster Care – refers to the provision of planned temporary substitute parental care to a child by a foster parent.

A Foster Parent/Family is issued a license by the DSWD after a favorable assessment and recommendation.

A Foster Placement Authority is issued by the Department to authorize the placement of a child/children to a licensed foster parent/family.

What is Legal Guardianship

Legal Guardianship – shall refer to a person appointed by the court to represent and protect the interest of a child in legal actions.

What are the types of adoption in the Philippines:

  1. 1. Agency adoption is when a licensed adoption agency finds and develops adoptive families for children who are voluntarily or involuntarily committed to the state. The adoptive families go through a process from application as prospective adoptive family facilitated by Department of Social Welfare and Development or a licensed child-placing agency like the Kaisahang Buhay Foundation to finalization of the child’s adoption in court.
  2. 2. Family or relative adoption are those where the biological parents make a direct placement of the child to a relative or a member within the 4th degree of consanguinity.
  3. 3. Independent or Direct Placement is when the biological parents make a direct placement of the child either to a relative or beyond the 4th degree of consanguinity.